For your Business Stay choose the Hotel Olimpico
South Coast of Salerno,
Lago Trasimeno street
Salerno - Italy
Ph. +39 089 203 004
Fax.+39 089 203 458
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Although archaeological data attest to the presence of a pre Roman settlement here , the first historically reliable information about the city of Salerno describes a Roman colony which was specially fortified in 194 B.C. to control the hostile Picentines who were allies of Hannibal from Carthage .
These people , originally from the modern –day Marches region , had been deported in 268 B.C. to the territory lying between the rivers Irno and Sele which even today is know as “Agro Picentino “ Their main city, Picentia ( now called Pontecagnano ) , became increasingly less important to the definite advantage of Salerno , which had been set against them by the Romans . Loyalty to Rome proved fatal for Salernum in 89B.C and it was sacked by Papius Mutilus during the social war . After the fall of the western Roman Empire , the city remained under the influence of the Byzantines except during the latter’s brief battle with the Goths (535-553 A.D) . Whit
the arrival of Lombard chose this coastal city as a capital as they fully intended to take over important sea trade routes from Amalfi ( which was still under Byzantine dominion ) . Indeed , it was during this period that various attacks were made on the future Maritime Republic . Amalfi succeeded in fending off Arechi in the year 785, but did not have the same success with Sicardo in 838 . However , it eventually established itself and set up its own autonomous government , paving the way for its golden years In the 9th century , Salerno had to contend with incursions by the Cetara based Saracens who were determined to destroy all the surrounding areas . they were finally thwarted thanks to the helping hand of Emperor LudovicII.
The development of Salerno continued not only under the alternating reign of the local Prices , but also under the dominion of the Normans , following the conquest of the city by Roberto the Guiscardi . The year 1419 marks the beginning of the period of feudalism : the city was granted as a fief to illustrious local families – the Colonnas , Orsinis and Sanseverinos who turned it into a large and important State.
The most important events in the city’s history over the last few centuries include its joining the Republic of Naples in 1799 and the landing of the allied troops in 1943.
Today , Salerno is the main administrative centre of one of largest provinces in Italy . It has become an important tourist destination not only because of its proximity to the spectacular Amalfi Coast ( all buses leave from here ) , but also because of its interesting historical centre . In the very heart of the city stands the Cathedral ( Duomo ) which was built by the Normans in the latter half of the 11th century . Although 18th century restructuring work has altered its original appearance , this is one of the most famous monuments in the south of Italy . Just before the entrance to the cathedral mullioned window with five lights. The bronze portal bears the date 1099 and was cast in Costantinople . The inside with its nave and two aisles , still conserves numerous vestiges of its past such as mosaics and Roman or mediaeval sarcophaguses , despite the obvious Baroque transformations . The beautiful 12th century ambos situated at the top of the nave are worth particular attention . Next door to the cathedral these is a Museum which houses numerous works of art spanning the 13th and 18th centuries , a parchment of the Exulted with 14th century miniatures and a 13th century antependium which has 64 ivory carvings illustrating the Holly Scriptures.
The Provincial Museum ( Museo Provinciale) stands behind the Cathedral and contains a wide selection of archaeological finds unearthed in the area .
It is well worth making the trek to visit the Arechi Castle to enjoy the splendid view . This fortification stands at the top of the hill which was once called “Bonadies” or “Good Day”, as it is possible to see the sun rise over the entire gulf from here. A stay in the city would not be complete without a shopping trip along the main pedestrian area ( Corso) or a leisurely stroll along the promenade ( Lungomare ) where the city folk , old and young alike meet for a chat.
The local cuisine in mainly Neapolitan , and extensively features sea –food .
Very sensitive to change , Amalfi has been able to adapt itself to new tastes .
The food is now lighter and quicker than before Amalfi has made good use of its local products especially the lemon for preparing dishes such as linguine or spaghetti with lemon , lemon soufflé, lemon cakes.
A great variety is offered in the first course rather than the hors d’oeuvres and the second course. Along experience in dealing with international tourist (even the most exacting ) have enriched our menus with delicate dishes such as pickled anchovies , crespoline with cheese spaghetti al cartoccio fish with cognac tournedos etc . Fresh cheese are great . They mainly come from Agerola and Tramonti namely from high hill pastures . Its not rare to find the famous mozzarella ( made from cow buffalo milk) .
Dessert deserve a special attention , many of them being prepared to each season of the year : the Eastern pastiera , the fruit tart , the almond cakes: the zeppole and the struffoli on Christmas and New Year’s Day .
Amalfi chef art has been able to put to advantage the sea perfumes , the spices and all the good things required for preparing simple and savoury dishes . Restaurant’s and inns play an important role with their careful and almost always customized service . The princes are very acceptable too.
Don’t leave without buying :
“passolini, i.e. are raising baked and put in lemon leaves bound by a thin red thread : “piennolo “ tomatoes , which are a characteristic ornament of our little balconies and are produced on the Coast . They are dried for a while in cool and airy rooms so that they can replace fresh tomatoes during winter and spring; salted anchovies , egg plants and pepper in oil , prepared in cetara where they boast a long tradition.
In Amalfi you can try exclusive wines produced in the vicinity ( the Ravello the Furore , the Gragnano ) or vintage wines produced in other places in Campania ( the wines from Capri and Ischia , The Lacrima Christi , the Greco from Tufo , the Falerno , the Taurasi , the Fiano , The Solopaca , the Vitulano , the Aprino , the wines from the Flegrei etc. )